The footwear of the romans, though deriving form greek models, become outstanding both for the variety of shapes-used as a manifestation of good taste-and for its use, as the roman civilization developed and expanded. In the early years of the empire, roman army officers themselves were those that dictated fashion to the populations of the controlled prices imposed by Diocletian in 301 A.C., there existed many typs of footwear whose style and colour reflected class distinction. The footwear industry as “ ars sutrina” flourishead, so much that a corporation, “collegium sutorium” was constituted to guarantee the continuity of the craft by means of the pupils of the “officinal suturis”, and at the same time it divided the shoemaker into two categories according to production: “caligarii”, for soldiers’ footwear, and “sandalarii” for civilian wear. These are robust leather thick-soled shoes, with uppers reaching the instep made of woven strips leather tied around the shin or held on top of the foot by a tongue. Used by soldiers up to the rank of centurion. There were various types of caliga: speculatoria(for explorers),equestris (for horsemen), clavato (with protruding iron nails for combat on steep ground), senatorum (for senators, but very different and more refined than military version),
The greeks took great care of their feet, so much so that their footwear conformed to every foot shape and to every type of activity. in ancient greece, women generally went barefoot because they were relegated to household duties, but as time passed their footwear also become more important, until there were even special wedding shoes, known as “Ninfidi”. footwear production increased notably in greece, both in style and in quality. Each type of footwear denoted the social class to which the wearer belonged. Amongst the many varieties, the following can be noted: the crepid, used particularly by warriors because of the heaviness of the leather, the sandal, used by the general population; the fecasus, handsome shoes worn exclusively by priests; the buskin (or cothurnus, high thick-soled boot) and sock (soccus, low shoe), worn by actors for tragedy and comedy respectively. The buskin in the first appearance of the high-heel or wedge, over six inches high, that served to increase the height, and consequently the importance, of the person wearing them with respect to other people around him. Greek sandal from the Hellenistic epoch-comprising a sole with elaborate coloured decorations, without uppers and held onto the foot by a strip of leather, itself decorated, placed at the forward part. Particularly used by women, partly because of the refined ornament.